Sunday, August 8, 2010

140W Power Amplifier circuit based on STA5100

The following circuit is 140W power audio amplifier, built based on single power IC STA5100. This is a mono channel amplifier, build the same circuit will make it stereo. 140W output is very high value for home audio system. It needs high power of supply to make the circuit works in maximum performance.

Circuit diagram:

140W Power Amplifier with STA5100 circuit

The circuit contains all the blocks to build a mono amplifier. It is based on the Output Bridge Power Amplifier, and its protection circuit. Moreover, the compression function and a signal rectifier are added to complete the circuit.

The operation modes are driven by The Turn-on/off sequence block. In fact the IC can be set in three states by the Stby/mute pin:

Standby ( Vpin <> 4V).

In the Standby mode all the circuits involved in the signal path are in off condition, instead in Mute mode the circuits are biased but the Speakers Outputs are forced to ground potential.

Download the STA5100 datasheet for complete reference about STA5100.

About Audio Amplifier
An audio amplifier is an electronic amplifier that amplifies low-power audio signals (signals composed primarily of frequencies between 20 - 20 000 Hz, the human range of hearing) to a level suitable for driving loudspeakers and is the final stage in a typical audio playback chain.

The preceding stages in such a chain are low power audio amplifiers which perform tasks like pre-amplification, equalization, tone control, mixing/effects, or audio sources like record players, CD players, and cassette players. Most audio amplifiers require these low-level inputs to adhere to line levels.

While the input signal to an audio amplifier may measure only a few hundred microwatts, its output may be tens, hundreds, or thousands of watts. More explanation about power audio amplifier can be found at

This is a video tutorial about how to a very simple audio amplifier based on the LM386 amplifier chip. It can be built for less than $20 (or might be less than $8 in some countries) and used to amplify any low level audio signal including a guitar, bass or mp3 player.

Watch the video:

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