Monday, July 27, 2009

2W MiniBox Audio Amplifier

This circuit is simple and cheap, the components also easy to find. This amplifier can be feed by MP3 Player, MP4 Player, Walkman, Mini-Disc, iPod and CD players, computers and similar devices fitted with line or headphone output.
electronic circuit diagram

Component parts:
P1_____________10K   Log.Potentiometer

R9____________100R 1/2W Trimmer Cermet

C1,C2__________10µF 63V Electrolytic Capacitors
C3____________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C4,C7_________470µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors
C5_____________47pF 63V Ceramic Capacitor
C6____________220nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
C8___________1000µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor

D1___________1N4148 75V 150mA Diode

Q1____________BC560C 45V 100mA PNP Low noise High gain Transistor
Q2____________BC337 45V 800mA NPN Transistor
Q3____________TIP31A 60V 4A NPN Transistor
Q4 ___________TIP32A 60V 4A PNP Transistor

SW1___________SPST switch
SPKR__________3-5 Watt Loudspeaker, 8, 4 or 2 Ohm impedance

The amplifier(s) can be conveniently supplied by a 12V wall plug-in adapter.
Closing SW1 a bass-boost is provided but, at the same time, volume control must be increased to compensate for power loss at higher frequencies.
In use, R9 should be carefully adjusted to provide minimal audible signal cross-over distortion consistent with minimal measured quiescent current consumption; a good compromise is to set the quiescent current at about 10-15 mA.
To measure this current, wire a DC current meter temporarily in series with the collector of Q3.

About Audio Amplifier
An audio amplifier is an electronic amplifier that amplifies low-power audio signals (signals composed primarily of frequencies between 20 - 20 000 Hz, the human range of hearing) to a level suitable for driving loudspeakers and is the final stage in a typical audio playback chain.

The preceding stages in such a chain are low power audio amplifiers which perform tasks like pre-amplification, equalization, tone control, mixing/effects, or audio sources like record players, CD players, and cassette players. Most audio amplifiers require these low-level inputs to adhere to line levels.

While the input signal to an audio amplifier may measure only a few hundred microwatts, its output may be tens, hundreds, or thousands of watts. More explanation about power audio amplifier can be found at

This is a video tutorial about how to a very simple audio amplifier based on the LM386 amplifier chip. It can be built for less than $20 (or might be less than $8 in some countries) and used to amplify any low level audio signal including a guitar, bass or mp3 player.

Watch the video:

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